Army of Tennesee Civil War Relics Authentic
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Antiquities – European and Native American



MED 1. English Cabassett ca. 1580-1630.

If you were a Native American observing the English colonists arriving at Jamestowne in 1607, this is the helmet they would have seen them wearing. A very fine and authentic example with decorative bronze rivets. This helmet is over 400 years old and is a relic of Renaissance Europe and the age of discovery. An amazing and impressive relic!


MED 2. Dug Medieval Crossbow Bolt ca. 1350-1450.

These cruel missiles were effective for penetrating chain mail and some plate armor. This example was dug in Southern Germany. 3″ in length. 



MED 3. Excavated Medieval War Lance ca. 13th-15th Century AD.

This Lance head is all business and designed to pierce both chain mail and plate armor. Excellent condition. Found in Central Europe.




Viking and Migration Age Europe

ANT 1. Excavated Danish Battle Axe ca. 11th-12th Century AD.

Classic Scandinavian two handed battle axe (Petersen Type M) in superb condition. This is the same axe used by the Anglo Saxon Kings’ bodyguard or “Housecarls” as well as the Byzantine Emperors’ famed “Varangian Guards”. Found near Vinnytsia, Ukraine.  Custom made display stand included with engraved plaque.



ANT 2. Viking Pendant made from an Abbasid Caliphate Gold Dinar ca. late 9th Cent. AD.

In the East, the Vikings exchanged furs, slaves, Baltic Amber and weapons to the Arabs in exchange for gold and silver coins. The silver coins or “Dirhems” have been found in hoards as far West as Iceland. The much rarer gold Dinars were used exclusively for jewelry and adornment. This one is in great condition and was carefully crafted into a pendant by the Vikings. This piece surfaced at London auction house but exact provenance is uncertain. For reference see “Viking Art” by James Graham Campbell, page 61 for a photo of the Hoen Hoard found in Norway which contained twenty of these Dinars, all fashioned into pendants identical to this one.



ANT 3. Dug Battle Axe Amulet.

Cast in bronze, these amulets are found in several forms and are thought to possess magical and protective properties. Scholars associate them with the Cult of Perun and the Cult of St. Olaf. This example is in very good condition with an untouched patina and was found by a detectorist near Kyiv, Ukraine. 10th-11th Century AD. See this article for more information on these prized artifacts.



ANT 4. Excavated Viking Woman’s “Turtle” Brooch.

These were worn in pairs at the shoulders. This one is an example of the smaller Baltic type. A small chain was suspended in between that had various amulets and decorative pendants hanging from it. Cast bronze. Ibn Fadlan describes the Viking women wearing these in his Risala or description of his travels among the Kievan Rus. Dug near Tallin, Estonia (Baltic States). 



ANT 5. Rare excavated pair of Silver Visigothic Bow Fibulae from Spain.

This large (6.25″) matching pair are dated to the end of the 5th Century AD. and were most likely found long ago in a Visigothic Row Grave Cemetery on the Central Meseta. Constructed of solid sheet silver with gilt brass palmettes at the junctures. Iron pins on back rusted away. Two of the arrow shaped terminals on one of the fibulae are restorations. These were worn to close a woman’s cloak at the shoulders and were worn in conjunction with rectangular cloisonne’ Belt Buckle Plates with oval loops. Only women of very high status could afford this ornamentation. Ref. “Art of Medieval Spain”Metropolitan Museum of Art page 59 fig. 14.”The Visigoths, an Ethnographic Perspective” by Peter Heather page 413, fig. 11-1.



ANT 6. Visigothic Belt Buckle Plaque ca. 7th Cent. AD.

Classic mid 7th Century style featuring stylized griffin design. Deep green patina. This buckle is a reflection of the Byzantine influence on art of the later Visigothic Kingdom. Connecting pin is a modern replacement. Provenance of Merida, Spain. Ref. “The Visigoths, an Ethnographic Perspective” by Peter Heather page 418, fig. 11-5.



ANT 7. Ostrogothic Bow Fibula. 5th to 6th Cent. AD.

Nice example made of cast bronze. Radiate head type. Spring pin intact. Used to pin a woman’s cloak at the shoulders. Provenance of the Danube River Valley.



ANT 8. Viking Bearded Battle Axe, 9th-10th Century AD.

Classic bearded battle axe in great excavated condition. Professionally cleaned and preserved. See Holger Arman’s “Die Graber” page 14, fig. 3 for an identical example found in Sweden. This particular axe was dug in a farmers field in Ukraine. 



 ANT 9. Viking Decorated Bronze Bracelet ca. 9-10th Cent. AD.

Great example in very good condition. Note profuse decoration including pagan solar symbols. most likely a woman’s bracelet. Verbal provenance of Tallin, Estonia. For reference see Holger Arman’s “Die Graber” Birka I. This photographic volume references the archaeological finds made in the huge trading settlement of Birka, Sweden and can be found online.



ANT 10. Dug Anglo Saxon “Horse Head” Brooch. 5th-6th Cent. AD.

A relic from the very first days when Saxons, Angles and Jutish Pirates overran the undefended Roman Province of Britannia. They drove the Romano Britons into a corner of the island that became Wales. This invasion came in waves and was accompanied with great slaughter and plundering. The Pagan Germanic tribes settled across the island and under the Christianizing influence of the Catholic Church developed a peace loving society with high levels of art and learning. In the year 786, there is an entry in the Anglo Saxon Chronicle that mentions three Longships coming ashore;  

“Here Beorhtric [AD 786-802] took King Offa’s daughter Eadburh. And in his days there came for the first time 3 ships; and then the King’s Reeve (Sheriff) rode there and wanted to compel them to go to the king’s town, because he did not know what they were; and they slew him. Those were the first ships of the Danish men which sought out the land of the English race.” Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (Winchester MS).

Here is the first contact of what would become two and a half centuries of savage Viking attacks and settlement ravaging the whole island. It seems that the blood shed in the Anglo Saxon Conquest came to fall upon their heads when they least expected it and in greater measure. This Pagan Anglo-Saxon Bronze Brooch is remarkable for it’s size, 5.5″ as well as the fantastic green patina and decoration. They were worn in pairs by women and pinned their cloaks at the shoulders. Found by a detectorist in Kent. No repairs or alterations.



ANT 11. “Vikings” Reference Book by Tai Larsen.

This great book has been sold out by Amazon and is very hard to get. I have twenty copies that I got directly from the author who has hand signed them all. This book has great pictures of dug Swords, Axes, Amulets, Spears, Arrow Points, Horse Trappings, Belts and much more. Tai composed his own Scandinavian Saga influenced poetry to accompany the pictures. Paperback format and 104 richly illustrated pages. Great stuff and perfect for an introduction to these relics unlike the overwhelmingly exhaustive and academic works by Holger Arbman which cover the excavations at Birka in Sweden. I highly recommend his works if you can find them and want to take your interest further. Two other great introductory volumes I will recommend are “The Viking World” and “Viking Art” both by James Duncan Campbell.

$55.00 ea. 


ANT 12. Excavated Viking “Omega” or “Penannular” Brooch.

Made of  bronze and featuring a poppy design. Great patina and no ground action. Pin intact. Used to fasten a Viking Warrior’s Cloak at the shoulder freeing up his sword hand. These are mentioned by Ibn Fadlan in his 10th Century description of the Kievan Rus. Read this amazing account HERE. Dug in Estonia on the Baltic. 8th to 11th Century AD.



ANT 13. Excavated Silver Viking Axe/Thor Hammer Amulet.

Well documented in Viking hoards, burials and trade settlements. This hybrid Hammer/Axe type was worn around the neck attached to a larger silver neck ring or bracelet, often in conjunction with Christian Crosses and snake amulets. Thought to possess magical and protective properties. Scholars associate them with the Slavic Cult of Perun and the Scandinavian God Thor. This example is in very good condition with punch mark designs. Found in Ukraine. 10th-11th Century AD. 



ANT 14. Excavated Viking Age Cross Amulet.

Early bronze type with traces of yellow or cream colored enamel in recesses. Superb condition. Excavated at a Viking trade settlement in central Ukraine. 10th-11th Cent. AD. Christianity quickly took hold among the Swedes trading and raiding in the east due to the influence of Byzantine missionaries. The cross of Christ became the most powerful amulet with the greatest protective powers eclipsing the Hammer of Thor, the Axe of Perun and the Lunula of the Moon. 

$250.00 SOLD


ANT 15. Excavated “Barbed” Arrow Tip ca. 500-1000 AD.

This type of iron point was used by Germanic Tribes during the great European Migrations and into the Viking era. Condition is remarkable. Note socketed shaft. It would be quite unfortunate to be a victim of this cruel missile. 3″ in length. Provenance; Central Europe.



ANT 16. Rare European Bronze Age Dagger or Short Sword ca. 2600-1200 BC.

This is an amazing ancient weapon. Note beautiful slick emerald green patina. Aesthetically impressive in it’s design and maintains a very sharp edge. Plowed up recently in an Eastern European farm field. Approx. 14″ in length.



ANT 17. Excavated Viking Shield Boss or “Umbo” ca. 9th-12th Century AD.

Superb condition. Professionally cleaned and preserved. These iron bosses protected the hand and were centrally mounted on round wooden shields, covered with leather and painted with symbols and fantastic beasts. This fine example was found in a Viking trade settlement near Kyiv, Ukraine.



ANT 18. Excavated Frankish Gilt Silver Radiate Brooch. 5th-6th Century AD.

The Franks were one of the fiercest of the Germanic Tribes that overran the Roman Empire. Their name was synonymous with their fighting axes or “Franciscas”. They settled into what is now France and West Germany. This gilt silver brooch with a beast head terminal, was originally part of a matching pair, worn to pin both shoulders of a woman’s cloak. Condition is remarkable with intact iron closure pin and detailed chip carved designs and stamped triangles along the edges. Verbal provenance of France (Frankia).



ANT 19. Excavated Scandinavian Cross Amulet, 11th Century AD.

Rare Christian pendant with Nordic interlace design. Found in a Rus (Varangian) settlement near Kiev.

$350.00 HOLD J.S.


ANT 20. Exquisite Granulated Silver Lunula ca. 800-1000 AD.

This high status Slavic amulet was produced in a Polish or other Eastern European workshop. Condition is superb and can be worn today. Lunulas or “Lunitsa” were worn by girls and young women as a protection against the evil eye and demons. Also, for fertility and general female well being. These were worn on necklaces, sometimes with beads and multiple smaller Lunulas depending on the status of the wearer. These have also been found in Viking women’s graves, notably at Birka, in Sweden.






Roman, Greek, Egyptian, Scythian, Near East, Etc.

ANT R 1. Rare Terra Cotta Roman Oil Lamp depicting a Gladiator.

This lamp is in flawless condition and features a detailed Roman Gladiator (a Secutor) in relief with a shield and raised Gladius. Acquired from a London antiquities auction and most likely found in England as well. 1st-2nd Cent. AD. Anything depicting a Gladiator is very scarce and desirable. 



ANT R 2. Excavated Roman Cavalry Spear, 1st Century, BC-1st Century AD.

Truly remarkable condition, and a professional European conservationist was employed to arrest the deterioration of the iron. This is exactly what the Romans would have used to pierce Jesus’ side. Almost 17″ in length and comes with a custom made marble display stand. From an advanced English antiquities collection.



ANT R 3. Excavated Roman Silver Ring with the Goddess Minerva  Intaglio. 2nd Century AD.

This is a massive man’s finger ring. Crafted from solid silver. The intaglio is either made of red glass or carnelian and features Minerva on a throne holding a spear or staff and a sheath of wheat or grain. Condition is superb and untouched. Provenance uncertain but from a very old English collection.



ANT R 4. Excavated Roman Bronze Simpulum (Ceremonial Ladle) 1st-2nd Century AD.

A very important instrument that was used pour libations (drink offerings) upon the heads of sacrificial victims. The Simpulum was a sign Roman Priesthood and one of the insignia of the College of Pontiffs. This sacred vessel is also depicted on a variety of Roman coins. Condition is excellent with a deep green patina and no damage or restoration. Perhaps someone out there needs this to perform their own pagan rituals.



ANT R 5. Excavated Roman Soldier’s Finger Ring Inscribed “VTERE FELIX”, 2nd-3nd Century AD.

Large solid silver ring with ten sides. Each side has a Latin letter stamped into it reading “VTERE FELIX” which translates into “wear or use for luck”. Rings with this inscription are often excavated in military contexts. Most recently from excavations in Dacia (Romania). From an old time British collection. 



ANT R 6. Ancient Roman Fascinus (Phallus) Pendant/Amulet, 1st-2nd Century AD.

In ancient Roman religion and magic, the fascinus or fascinum was the embodiment of the divine phallus. The word can refer to phallus effigies and amulets, and to the spells used to invoke his divine protection. Pliny calls it a medicus invidiae, a “doctor” or remedy for envy (invidia, a “looking upon”) or the evil eye. The English word “fascinate” ultimately derives from Latin fascinum and the related verb fascinare, “to use the power of the fascinus”, that is, “to practice magic” and hence “to enchant, bewitch”. Catullus uses the verb at the end of Carme 7, a hendecasyllabic poem . Phallic charms, were ubiquitous in Roman culture, appearing as objects of jewelry such as pendants and finger rings, relief carvings, lamps, and wind chimes (tintinnabula). Fascinus was thought particularly to ward off evil from children, mainly boys, and from conquering generals. The protective function of the phallus is usually related to the virile and regenerative powers of an erect phallus. Varro notes the custom of hanging a phallic charm on a baby’s neck, and examples have been found of phallus-bearing rings too small to be worn except by children. A 2017 experimental archaeology project suggested that some types of phallic pendant were designed to remain pointing outwards, in the direction of travel of the wearer, in order to face towards any potential danger or bad luck and nullify it before it could affect the wearer. The pendant offered here is made of cast bronze was probably found by a metal detectorist in England. 

$195.00 HOLD J.S.


ANT GR 1. Ancient Greek Red Figure Pelike ca. 4th Century BC.

Fine Apulian Ceramic Pelike (used for containing cremated remains) in superb condition with no repairs or restoration whatsoever. Painted with two female figures and palmettes on the sides. Approx. 8″ tall. Provenance of Southern Italy (Magna Graecia).



ANT R 7. Ancient Roman Glass Bead Necklace ca. 1st-2nd Century AD.

Fine condition. Beads were found together but restrung with a modern catch. The beads are remarkable for their color, quality and variety. Perfect for wearing today and would be a great gift for the woman who appreciates such things. Provenance uncertain but probably England.



ANT R 8. Ancient Roman Ornamental Bronze Head of Silenus ca. 1st-2nd Cent. AD.

In Roman times, Silenus was the fat, bald, bearded and drunken follower of the God Dionysius. This excavated bronze mount is highly detailed and was possibly a decoration on a furniture piece. Approx. 2″ with a deep green patina. Acquired from a British antiquities collection. Here is a great article from Wikipedia on Silenus



ANT R 9. Roman Silver Finger Ring with Monogram “VT” ca. 3rd-4th Cent. AD.

Excellent condition. Wearable size. From a British antiquities collection and likely found in Britain.



ANT GR 2. Ancient Greek Apulian Oinochoe ca. 3rd-4th Cent. BC.

A small pitcher for wine or olive oil with trefoil spout. Decorated with a painted woman’s head. Excellent and complete. No repairs or issues. Approx. 6″ tall. Provenance of Southern Italy (Magna Graecia)



ANT R 10. Ancient Roman Bronze Bangle/Bracelet, ca. 1st Century AD.

This woman’s bangle is in excellent condition and decorated with circle punch stampings on all sides. Beautiful green patina. From an English antiquities collection and probably found in England.



ANT R 11. Pair of Ancient Roman Gold Earrings, ca. 2nd Century AD.

Delicately crafted but missing the stones or glass inserts. Nonetheless, an attractive matching pair. I suppose a good jeweler could put stones in them if desired.



ANT MS 1. Ancient Scythian Kopis Sword, 4th-5th Century BC.

A Scythian copy of the ancient Greek Kopis but made shorter like an Akinakes. Condition is not bad, Found a couple of years ago near Chernigiv Ukraine by my Ukrainian digging friend Boris. Length of 20″. The Scythians were nomadic steppe dwellers who originated in the vicinity Iran. At one time their territory extended eastward to Mongolia and Westward to the Germanic and Slavic tribal lands.



ANT MS 2. Ancient Cimmerian Iron Spear Point, 7th Century BC.

The Cimmerians were related to the Scythians and were later displaced by them. Also nomadic steppe dwellers, they were the bane of the Assyrian Empire. This spear point is in great condition and very long, approx. 20″. Found in Ukraine.





Native American and Pre Columbian Antiquities

All artifacts on this page were found on private property with land owner’s permission prior to 1979.


NA 1. Dug Anasazi “Dog Head” Effigy Water Pot.

Nearly flawless example with only a extremely minor rim chips and no restoration or repair whatsoever. Dog head effigy projects from side of rim. Interesting geometric patterns with crosses and lines. Found in 1970 by Dr. Rick Kalister in Catron County, New Mexico. Measures 6″ in diameter and 5″ in height. Ex. Dr. Kalister Collection.



NA 2. Excavated Anasazi Effigy Vessel ca. 800-1200 AD.

This weird looking vessel is shaped like a football and has a spout on top with a dog head effigy projecting from it. Nice black geometric patterns painted all over it. Spout has pressure cracks but no material loss or restoration whatsoever. Measures Approx. 5.75″ across at widest point and 4.75″ tall. This is an extraordinary Native American artifact. Dug long ago by Dr. Rick Kalister on private property. Catron County New Mexico.



NA 3. Caddo Jar.

Flawless condition. No repairs or restoration whatsoever. Lightly decorated with incising. Ex. Hiwassee College Collection.



NA 4. Large Native American “Discoidal” or Game Stone. Ca. 800-1500 AD.

An amazing and quite massive example. Deeply hollowed out on both sides. Extremely well made and highly polished. The stone is very hard and granite like. These discs were made to play a series of games. One documented game was called “Chunky” where players would roll the stone and then cast spears at it once it rested. The closest spear was the winner. Discoidals this large and well fabricated are very rare. It measures 4″ in diameter and 2 5/8″ thick. Verbal provenance of Tennessee. Ex. Tom Davis, Ex. Dan White Collection. Comes with a Tom Davis Certification.